New Zealand has an excellent record of conserving its native flora and fauna through pest control measures, especially in large uninhabited areas. Meanwhile large tracts of land owned by private individuals remain relatively unprotected. When it comes to land management decisions such as pest control actions, careful negotiations are required with a wide range of stakeholders with differing views – from cat-loves to rabbit-haters – so that agreements can be reached. The aim of this research project led by Audrey Lustig, Mike Plank and Alex James is to develop a planning tool for predicting the abundance and the likely persistence of New Zealand top mammalian predators in the light of potential changes in management effort across human-dominated landscape. We use the Cape-to-City (C2C) footprint covering 26,000 ha of agricultural land in Hawke’s Ba as a case study.